...some examples-websites
....binding & construction
.......various, fanfold, other types
....hinges for minibooks
....more info + misc.
.......notepad covers + Post-It covers
Covers ...notebook, journal, other


more ideas and inspiration for making book pages, covers, etc. in Cards



General info ...lesssons... examples... ideas

There are many ways to make mini-books from polymer clay, or from polymer and other media... and many ways to bind them.

The following are mostly very small "mini-books" (often used as pendants or pins) -- but also include larger small books made with clay

some EXAMPLES ... more below

Painted Puddy's minibook swap (click on each to see hinges, pages, etc.)
Robin Beaty's many mini-books

*M.Briggs' minibooks, etc. ... (b&w )

Gerri's amulet necklace mini-books (spine is at top, steno-style... clay tubes & wire...see more in Pendants>Hinges) (gone)

Sexton's minibooks, hinged with twine and two holes

Lynelle’s little, tied, books
Nora Jean's tiny mini book & lesson (keep clicking and read book's pages for lessons)
Beckah's Coptic bound mini-books with transfers, leafing, powders, stamping.

Klew: beaut.necklace & ivory book

Robin Beaty's transfers are sometimes "hidden" beneath a hinged cover ...some do resemble small books

winners of Amaco's "Itty Bitty Book" Designer Challenge

Sue V's tiny booklet (pins?) with clay plaque decoration (website gone)
Bev's Mr. Potato Head book (cover is Mr.PH shape with onlaid features) http://www.yeoldouthouse. (prob. gone)
Kathy G's Egyptian theme book cover (sort of ivory, stamped & antiqued) (website gone)
Cathy’s book pin (gone)
Pat Baldwin's various kinds of minibooks, some polymer (gone)
Yang Yang's miniature books (gone)
nenuphar's many minibooks for swap, using triple layer shapes (top one is colored transfer)...2 have faux rivets, tied with ribbon (hinges inside?)
Michelle's minibook swap (gone)
Michelle’s lesson for a minibook (gone)
canejane's vairous mini books and notebook covers ... (gone)

ideas re PAGES

"Books" or mini-books can be made from any relatively flat, joined items as the pages....

papers... fabric... metal, or just anything that one can think of
I saw some made from shrink plastic... made as spiral bound books. My guess is that we can do the same thing with polymer clay. is one mini-book made from empty photographic slides
...(each slide "page" here is covered with decorative paper, then a small photo or print is sandwiched inside the "frame," but clay-wise we could cover them with clay ...don't know if the plastic ones could be baked with the clay though... or we could use sheets of clay as the focal images, or use transfers (decal-types might be cool), etc.
I sewed my pages to felt cut to the size of the covers (i think it's called saddle stitching) with enough space between the covers to close the book and glue the cover to the outside of the felt. Lois H

Patricia Kimle’s larger pages have bas relief polymer figures and items ...placed on top of fabric or drawn-on fabric as backgrounds (?) pages in an alphabet book for her grandson

I decided to type the inside text (my handwriting is atrocious!) on paper... I'm using Word and Arial font (it's nice and plain, so still easy to read in small sizes), 9 pitch (8 or 10 would also be good, depending on how much text you wanted to fit on a page).
.... I had the best luck setting it up as a table - 6 cells across and 4 down on a 8.5 by 11" paper in the Landscape position.
....After typing in the text in each cell across, I just copied it to the cells below, allowing me to get 4 sets of pages on each page.
....One note: be SURE to set the border to "None", unless you want a border on each page.
....reduced my clip art items when photocopying & have cut and paste them into the book's pages. (I tried scanning them & then inserting them as photos in Word, but I had to reduce the images too much & they became unrecognizable.) Lynne

baked liquid clay can make very thin, flexible, sturdy pages for a polymer book
... using plain liquid clay of most brands will give a frosty translucent page unless opaque color is added to change it (using a bit of titanium white oil paint, e.g.)... or the original version of Liquid Sculpey (not TLS) is white after baking
... the pages can be created with images on them (if they are transfers)
...or without images, to be drawn on or embellished later
Cindy P's lesson on making pages from liquid clay and transfer paper
Sarajane's mini-lesson on making a minibook with Fimo liquid clay pages (each page made from baked sheets with transfers made with Epson Glossy Photo paper, then placed on either side of a thin sheet of white clay with a light sponging of liquid clay... page edges gilded with variegated gold leaf... her book also had a dimensional pig head on the cover
...fabric can also be embedded with liquid clay and act as pages
...I've spread liquid clay on glass and baked it. It peels right off. (and if you pat a sheet of metal leaf on top, the leaf doesn't need glazing, it sticks just fine. You can then use a paper punch to make shapes)... for embellishment?

(for loads of info on making liquid clay transfers, see Transfers > Liquid Clay ... and embedding fabric in Mixing Media > Fabric)

baked thin regular clay can make thin flexible and study pages too, but thicker than liquid clay
...the pages will be the same color as the clay used, including translucent
.....could even be fauxs, like stone, gold, marble, etc.
...they can also be created with images by using a transfer technique
...or without images, to be decorated later
...I took a class from Kathy Amt at Arrowmont (she is also a book maker)
......she talked about making polymer paper with clay's very flexible, and seems to work fine.
we rolled to #5 or #6 on our pasta machines, baked them, and used it like that.
..... we used Fimo Art Translucent, added inclusions, stamps, transfers etc.
..... I don't know about other clays though, as I have not tried them. Jenny P
...The new Bead and Button has an excellent article on the polymer "book" design of Kathy Amt (it is meant to hang as a fan-shaped pendant
. . . the "pages" are clay (backed temporarily?) on tracing paper (while) passed through a pasta machine at # 6

....collages or sheets of cane slices, stampings, etc.
...... Violette's small book of larger fancy and embellished polymer sheets . . cover is all polymer too. . . cool!
........also her Box-Book . . .a clay box with sheets of embellished polymer stacked loosely inside

........Linda Goff's Polymer Postcards
...Premo is really flexible when very thin.... you can also brush a sheet of it with liquid clay to make it stronger still without losing any flexibility. Irene NC
...Sculpey would not be a good choice though, because it's not flexible when thin and would crack or chip.

how thin one can get a clay sheet that will bend completely without breaking or tearing?…
...if baked correctly, most clays except Sculpey will be strong and flexible... baking longer than the normal 20 minutes may increase strength of most clays even more.
...I made some pages by running Fimo through my Atlas on a paper backing at the "6" setting (8 is the thinnest, 1 the thickest).
...Then I baked it on the paper, and rubbed the paper off under water.( If the paper has lines on it, they will transfer).
....You can use those fancy deckle scissors to cut the edges the way you want them after it's baked and it looks sharp.
... I tried baking the pages already folded (the paper was "tented" up), but the mini book cracked at the fold pretty quickly (I had stitched it with sewing thread and had beads on the outside of the seam)
... I'll have to stack and stitch them next time.
....The cover was also baked folded, but I think because it was a skosh thicker (base is setting 4 with an additional front and back overpanel), it is holding up better. Donna in Dallas

Several ways to prevent curling of thin flat clay when baking.
...One is to place something heavy on top of the piece while baking.
...However, if the weight will harm the surface technique, then wait until the pieces comes out of the oven and while it is still somewhat hot, place heavy books on top of it until cool....Or, while it is still hot but not so much so that you can't handle it, fill the sink with cold water and then lay the piece down on the bottom of the sink and hold it flat until it is cool. Dotty in CA

more on BINDING & CONSTRUCTION possibilities

see below in Notebooks, for more ways of using holes and various cords, disks, etc, as binding

At first I thought I would make beads to use as closures for the pages, but a cover would be even better.
.......I was planning to make holes in the covers before baking and then binding the entire book together with heavy waxed thread, eliminating the need for adhesives.

Crafty Owl's lesson on making a scrapbook-type book with clay cover (two hinged parts on top), (clear) sticky-back plastic, and embroidery thread or ribbon.

I actually bound the pages with linen thread, following instructions in a fantastic book about making books, called Cover to Cover.... I then glued the first and last pages to the inside front and back covers (using Sobo, I *think*), and glued a marbled endpaper on top of each of them....Jalina's mini book swap -

…I used ??? (like for a 3-ring binder) to attach them so I could keep adding pages like a notebook. Kathy

CraftLace is a flat plastic lacing that is like the stuff we made lariats with in scout camp. . . . "made in USA of 100% PVC." . . . Since this is a flat strand it seems a bit heavy or coarse for loops but may work well to connect sections of pc, perhaps as part of a book binding.

I have come up with a few, and so far the one i like best is a mini passport book. Inside I could have on a small sheet of paper my name, email address, and phone number. The promblem do you go about holding a book would need to be relativly small, and able to hold real paper inside so I could put the info in it.

lesson on using cut CD's as minibook covers, with ribbon or cording dangles (bead on end) to close ... these are pendants

Gerri's larger books with various spine techniques
... and also mixed media and stamping, transfers, etc.for fronts, (see second book pg.also) (see also her blog, but many photos now gone)

Dar's various minibooks or covers
...Dar's several hinged (book-type) blade holders, long and slender ...she uses "silk" adhesive tape (as an outer spine, overlapping front and back) to connect and hinge the parts (which accepts paint then Future well)

Dayle's minibook pins
... some are just 2 sheets of decorated or embellished clay, held together with ties on one corner or on one or both sides (one has two "doors" as a front cover which only partially obscure the interior, and open to each side)... heavily embellished

Juliann's lesson on using Xyron (laminator?? --but not necessary, especially for smaller books; could use other glue or spray adhesive) to add a decorative cover to heavy weight cardstock; the "bottom" piece is folded ~one quarter then becomes part of the front. Another sheet is glued behind that (all the way to the spine) and the decorative paper (or baked clay sheet?) is attached to the 3/4 front cover part, then trimmed.

esp. accordion-folded (fan-fold)... with various embellishments

Nanetta's lesson at on making a small accordion folded-page mini-book
.........with an image stamped on translucent, framed (Shapelet) with a cover made with chopped clays
...pages are stamped, sponged, colored pencils, etc.
Cindy P's lesson on making a fanfold (accordion) mini-book.... with ribbon and clay binding
Barbara McGuire's lesson on making a fanfold mini book (using mulberry paper 18" long) with 1/8", 2 1/4" square, clay covers, and button and loop closure; she also shows how to make a gold imprint with a stamp and gold leaf,,HGTV_3288_1387419,00.html
Shala's lesson on making a fanfold mini-book and cover (pgs are held in cover "pockets"), plus some printable pages/covers
simplymad's lesson on making a fanfold book with polymer cover

fanfold pages which also attach to two covers lesson (from Home Matters TV show, Jan 28, 01).
....Happened upon this show and liked this idea for making a little book using an easy-to-fold method. The guest created a unit of 3-fanfold-page-flaps, then attached the last two single flaps around the front of the covers (like a visible binding). As near as I can tell, this would be the way to do it (this always yields 3 page flaps plus two end flaps --if you want more than 3 pages for your book, make multiples of these units and glue them together):
1. make two covers (for example, 4" wide by 3" tall)
2. decide on a width for the page holder flaps (they'll extend into the inside of the book, and the pages will be pasted onto them), let's say 1" (or Z)

-- multiply your Z by 10 (1"x 10 = 10"); that will be the length of your unit
--for the width, use the same measurement as the length of the spine area (3" in our example)
--(cut a piece of paper 3" by 10" --she used black construction paper)
3. carefully lining up the edges, fold the unit in half widthwise
--as you would create a fan, fold back one end edge back to the folded middle; turn unit over and fold the other one back too
--now fold the edge again back to the twice folded end; turn unit over and repeat
--(this is the nifty trick:) to make the remaining 2 folds, open the unit up and fold each end to the indention of the 2nd fold at the opposite end --you'll see which one when you try it; (turn over and repeat)
4. glue each of the single flaps at the end to the *outside* of your cover (creating the look of a binding), or I suppose the flaps could be glued to the insides to hide them
5. wrap a decorative cord from inside the front cover next to the "spine," around the outside of the back cover, and then tie a secure knot at the bottom of the spine area; add more decorative cords/threads, beads, or whatever, and tie the cord ends again to hold the additional decorations.
6. glue pages of your choice to the front of each interior flap

To make many pages from one 8 1/2 X 11" in sheet of paper... first fold it in fourths (fold in half one way then fold each half in half) ...then turn and do it the other way.... Next cut three squares in from one direction, three squares in from the other direction, then back to the other side.... Then fold back on each other. (It may be easier to follow if you just try it.) wannabe


I just spent an hour in the rubber stamping store in the mall, and came out loaded with beautiful new papers - vellum, mulberry, embossed card stock... now I'm looking forward to making not only the little presentation boxes, but tiny little books. There was a woman on Carol Duvall a few weeks ago who made the most beautiful little tiny books (Janet someone?) entirely without glue or any binding other than the folds in the paper. Elizabeth

Anima Design's lesson on an interconnected "Library Pocket" & flap book (not polymer, but adaptable with cardstock or heavy paper and small sheets of polymer glued on pages)

Anima Design's many other kinds of small, handmade book styles (concertina, tassel book, cyanotype, flag book, carousel, metal flange binding, sushi mat cover, coasterbook, runic, abecediary )

Juliann's openable "fan" books (covers of polymer, pages of paper) --wide blade shapes, hinged at bottom with tassels/cording, which open like a fan

"Mini Books and Boxes" book by Design Originals... the cover shows many kinds of mini-books (made of paper, etc., but could be polymer)

Clay 'Memory Book' cover. . . "Creating With Polymer Clay" by Steven Ford & Leslie Dierks, on page 96-97 you will find some basic techniques that should answer most of your questions. though they are pretty vague instructions. . .
"Cover to Cover" is a good general book on bookbinding/making. . . . by Shereen LaPlantz is a good bookbinding book. Its about 145 pages, and costs about 25 bucks.

* Violette's small samples book of fancy and embellished polymer sheets, cover is all polymer too. . .& "box-book"! ... all kinds of collage filters (cone ones) used for the pages. . . This isnt the page I was talking about..but might help some (look under Tips)Jan
....The coffee filter books/cards consist of a cardstock cover (which when fully opened resembles a butterfly shape) into which coffee filters (the cone-shaped with the point cut off kind, not the Mr. Coffee kind) have been sewn or otherwise bound. You can design your own cover template by laying two filters back to back (cut-off point side to cut-off point side) on a piece of paper and tracing around adding one-fourth inch, or so, all the way around. Now fold this in half (left to right) and match up the edges, trimming where necessary. The kind I have seen and made are bound on the closed side of the filters leaving the open-ended filters as the pocket pages into which you can place confetti, a tea bag, a little note, a small baggie of ep, flat candy, or whatever . . . . The filterscome in several sizes, in white and in kraft brown, and are very inexpensive
Hi! I wrote the instructions. . . The coffee filter will be open after they are bound. The "pages" are seperate little cardstock pages which go inside the filter "pouches". You can put anything you want inside the "pouches". I have a friend who made hers into a "coffee book". Inside each "pouch" was a little fact about coffee. artbyamy

make tiny collages of magazine pictures or something, if you don't feel artistic
...rubber stamps (esp. from angel companies, copyright free) or clip art are other ways to go.
...for multiple copies, you can make ONE original, then photocopy the others you need, if you want to go that way –
you could get several narrow strips for accordion fold type books on one copy, if you planned it right.

I used the transfer method to place pictures of dinosaurs in the book (being read by a dinosaur). Karen

(scrapbooking) ...baked Premo and Sculpey III (and maybe all polymer clays) are "acid free (neutral pH) and lignin free so they should be fine to use in fine scrapbooking, etc. if properly and completely cured. . . the website says . . ."“Polyform’s chemists have been conducting tests on the clay for quite some time. All tests indicate that . . .
...does anyone know about these though, acid-freewise?? --Sculpey --SuperSculpey --Fimo --Kato Polyclay --Cernit
--and liquid clays from all 3 manufacturers????
.....liquid clay transfers of all kinds would certainly be cool in scrapbooks if so, and thin too. Diane B.

...I suppose we could get some pH strips and do some testing ourselves on those. I have a pond and have to get some anyway to test the water.... so the acid-free property is still in question. . . . However, I think we can safely say all those are lignin-free because they are not made from plant materials . . herbalmama
...Dimples' lesson on making scrapbook page decorations with sheets of clay and bas relief embellishments


For the hinge side of the book you can use small metal hinges, or glue in a piece or leather or ribbon for the spine, attaching the front to the back in this way. You can fanfold a strip of paper and glue it in for the pages. LynnDel
...see above and below also for other ways of attaching

We make covers from two pieces of polymer clay (front cover and back) up to maybe 2.5-3 inches square and glue small metal hinges between them, with a long strip of pretty accordion folded paper between... These can be blank books or you can laser print, rubber stamp, or hand decorate the pages.
... As for covering existing books, I think what I would do is bake the polymer book cover separately then glue it on. You might kind of mold the clay to go over the edges of the cover, for neatness.
...(OR make books the entire size of the hinge --DB)

Durapore Bandaging Tape... Someone mentioned this is good (as hinges) for use with clay-covered books
(you can find it at) At a pharmacy -type of store the first aid area where they have other bandages and tapes. Patti

for cardboard/papier mache, packing tape (brown, on a roll) works wonders as a bond or as hinges...I use it for armatures along with cardstock. Sarajane H

Lee Valley Hardware (metal hinges)

Buesseler hinges, graduated beads (gone)
Sunni’s small wire-twisted mini-hinge lesson (like the eye half of a hook-and-eye notion, with a coiled middle)
Robin Beaty's mini-books and pendants with hinges
Dayle's "openable book" pins?... decorated front and back (no pages) hinged in two places with simple wrapped cording in holes

Gerri's books with various spine techniques (see second book pg.also) and

Crafty Owl's lesson on making a scrapbook-type book with clay cover (two hinged parts for top cover), (clear) sticky-back plastic, and embroidery thread or ribbon.

Tory (Victoria) Hughes has a video (Hinges in Polymer Clay) now on three ways to make hinges: to hinge on the side of a pendant or frame, or to hinge two parts of a pendant together, or to actually hinge within, a pendant creating a swinging part :
she mainly uses the "door hinge" type of hinge, in which a pin of some kind is run through tubes of clay which are attached to each side (usually two tubes on one side, one on the other side) ... she creates the hinge tubes in place for an exact fit. (near bottom of page)

.... for more info on hinges and types,
see Pendants-Cording > Hinges & Lockets & pivots hinges .... Frames > Tri-Fold Panels
....Vessels > Hinges



(mailing list) group for makers of small books
This topic-only list is for people interested in creating and/or decorating small (no dimension greater than 6") books and boxes. All related topics up for discussion, such as rubber stamping, embellishing, collage, calligraphy, journaling, polymer clay, the list goes on. Anything that can be used to make or decorate a book or box is fair game but, please, no chitchat. Swaps are encouraged and there will be a ongoing virtual swap

Turtle Press' list of good books to read on making books, scrapbooks, etc.

Sunni's collected info on creating handmade papers
Sunni's collected links on papermaking and bookbinding

Templates by Donovan (templates for accordion books and others, plus mucho other stuff)
printable color book covers
(for transfers?)
Jim's "printables" -- Jim has scaled-down versions of many kinds of things that may be useful in reproducing minibooks (can be printed and transferred onto clay, or simply printed on paper)

printable, leather-bound books and book covers (click around)

cool flap-over boxes ... Marlies' covers box and cardboard for rigid cover with contact paper, but it could be clay? (see details in Boxes-Gift)
Michelle R's lesson on making a mini-box/book,1789,HGTV_3289_1396620,00.html

for clay covers
...canework ...faux leather or faux ivory
I have been thinking about using Granitex for a cover material.... I found some papers which also have that granite/speckled look to use as matching pages.
(for more cover ideas, see just below in Notebooks & Covers)

notepad covers... Post-It covers

notepad covers . . . make a sheet of clay the same width as, but 1 1/2" longer than the pad you want to make a cover for... place the pad face down onto the clay with the extra clay extending out past the glued end of the pad... fold the clay extension up and then over the front of the pad ...remove pad, prop cover while baking, then re-glue to pad (perhaps adding a bit of metal sheeting or something else on the underside of the clay where it overlaps the top of the pad might make it even stiffer when tearing off each sheet?) (example using cardboard or cardstock as cover)

note pad on a neck chain with a tiny pencil that slides through two tubes on one side to hold it closed. It isn't that different from a mini book.

lessons on making your own notepads ...with inexpensive padding compound or white glue in Misc > Notepads . . .also info on some interesting things to use for pages and ways to use the pads

Post-It pad covers & notebooks... various polymer covers can be made for the sticky back notes or for the loose papers (or you could cut your own papers)......these could be made in the same way with all polymer, or using cardboard, etc. and decorative paper, contact paper, etc.:
...most of the lessons on making these don't refer to how the Post It pad is actually attached to the back cover... I did find one reference to "double-sided tape like Tombow Monoadhesive Permanent Tape" in the supplies, but didn't indicate how it was used)... pads of paper usually have a stiff back cover which can be slipped into a pockets or under a strip, etc. to hold them in place, but Post Its have only a piece of ordinary paper temporariily stuck to the back
.......a raised frame can be built onto the interior of the back cover which holds the pad in a kind of shallow well
.......a pencil or pen holder can be created with a polymer strip-loop on the interior of the spine area (or a ribbon or other material glued down except for a raised loop area)
..simple fold-over template
..example with 3 loops for closure and also to hold pen (like hinge (2 loops on one cover, 1 on other)
lessons: and
(2) 3 1/2" squares (back and front)... (1) 3 1/2 x 1/4" spine... 4 1/2 x 2" (large thin "hinge", applied on front overlapped to back)... 3 1/2 x 2" (second hinge piece..apply to inner side over spine and covering ovelaps from first hinge) . . . .lay down the first spine piece, face down... put the two covers onto the spine, leaving a gap between them (this will be spine area) ...fold spine over to inside...lay 2nd spine piece over the gap face up box type holders can also be made for Post It sheets or pads ... cover a free standing open box of approx. the correct size, or make a free standing one to fit the sheets (or cut your own sheets, or use sheets from gummed pads) ... remember to leave a slot opening on the front to grab the sheet
.......RuthAnn says this match box cover is exactly the right size to fit the smallest size pad of Post-It notes (2 x 1.5 inches), so instead of making the box bottom, just slip a package of notes inside the decorated top.
..Gerry's 3 post it covers
.......... I would recommend using cardstock or even a little heavier weight paper so the form will hold up to the clay. Lisa D. ....(for making or covering matchboxes, see Covering > Paper)

COVERS... Notebook + Journal + other

Various types of books (hardbacks, photo albums, journals, diaries, sketch books, etc.) and notebooks (spiral-bound or taped spines, for example)
can have their front and/or their back covers "covered" with polymer clay (along with embellishments, patterning, etc, if desired)
......those with blank covers are good, but pre-printed covers can be hidden by the clay if its' used on the whole surface..
...or the covers themselves can be made from clay only

SOME SOURCES for blank books:
inexpensive blank books that could be covered with polymer clay are sold at Rae

I scoped out the quality of the ones in the local art store, then ordered 'em a little less expensively from Dick Blick catalog
I purchase mine from the Borders Outlet stores (remainder books outlet of Borders Books & Music)... theirs are acid free paper, with various dark colored covers. I pay $4 or less for them

The coverings or the all-clay covers can be made separately and baked, then glued on.....or raw clay can be baked onto some covers directly.
...Use something very flat and large enough to create and bake the covers you want (either something slick like glass or tile, or put a sheet of paper between)
...If you want to cover the whole front with a prebaked clay cover, create it on a sheet of paper with the proper size drawn on it, or just measure the base clay sheet
....... or use a sheet of glass over the cover or over the template, or use a sheet of plastic wrap instead (see Paints > Polymer Paintings for some examples) aware though that there can be some shrinkage in length with some clays when using larger sheets of clay, so for large covers you may want to make them a little too large then cut off the excess after baking while the clay is warm, or just allow the clay to be a bit smaller than the original cover.

If gluing prebaked clay covers onto original covers, various glues can work (2-part epoxy may be strongest, or a strong "white glue," or perhaps even hot glue... if the original covers or book can be baked, liquid clay could also work
...if using raw clay directly on a cover, two possibilities would be liquid clay or white glue (tacky or dried)

I make the clay (base) for the front on a # 3 setting, place it on a stiff mat board or on a paper-covered tile, and finish decorating it so I won't have to disturb or distort anything before baking
...Once the raw clay is decorated and I cut holes in it to fit my journal, I bake the clay for longer than recommended to insure durability. (I usually have the clay at a #3 setting, but no thinner and I use Premo clay.)
...assembly is easy. ... slide the new clay cover over the wires in the same way the cover was taken off. Patty B
(thinking of a wire coil here?... if so, put the end of the coil into the top hole, then rotate it as it goes through all the holes)

for making holes in baked clay covers, covers, and paper, etc., one possibility is a Japanese screw punch (or "Japanese book drill ") ...a rotating punch, with various interchangeable bits.... when pressed down, the handle causes the shaft to turn the drill bit (which is actually a hollow punch), creating a smooth hole
...create holes anywhere, in stacks of paper, cardstock for making books, or in baked clay, leather, mat board,etc.,
...smallest bits are good for waxed threads ...larger bits for book posts, leather cord, etc.
...(for other hollow punch-out tools, and push drills which will also create holes, see Cutters > Punches & Hand drills)

You can also make a series of holes in baked clay covers with a comb binding machine (like one of Ibico's,GGLC:1969-53,GGLC:en&q=Ibico+ )
since the clay cover won't be too thick (most small machines can handle up to 25 pieces of paper with one cut)...don't know if they'd do this at Kinko's, etc., or not, but they could do the pages... many schools also have these machines
...then use a plastic or wire "coil"-comb to slip the covers and pages into if the book isn't too thick for the machine you're using (otherwise, have Kinko's do that part)

Rollabind system for holding pages and covers . . . similar to coiled wire, but are individual (thin, lipped) disks each of which slips into one of the T-shaped holes, allowing the pages to be removed and reinserted ... will open 360 degrees
...Rollabind Tote Notebooks ...with 60 sheets lined paper 6 3/4" X 7"- $6.00, and 8 1/2 x 8" . . . at PolymerClayExpress
Plastic and wire binding pieces can be inserted through rectangular holes created in the edge of paper and cover with a binder
(see more in Websites below for ways to make coils and other attachers at the spine)

Here's what I noticed in my own experimentation while making notebooks. I've used Premo & Fimo Classic. The only softener I've used is a little mixquick in some of the older Fimo.
...when doing larger books, my experience has been that the Premo shrinks more than some other brands... the per-made holes then wouldn't line up with Premo's holes (made when raw).
..on smaller notebooks it wasn't a problem
...Fimo worked okay on the larger ones though, even though it has a bit of shrinkage too, I could still line the holes up enough to use the covers. Joanie (note that the newer formulations of Fimos, etc., may also shink more when large.

What makes some kinds of paperboard (even heavier board) warp is applying something (paint, glue) to one side.
....As long as you apply the same thing on both sides, it will dry flat.
(necessary?) ...So if you want to cover paper-based boards with raw clay, I would coat both sides with Sobo (or another strong white glue) and apply a thin sheet of clay on both sides. Perhaps the sheet on the inside could be the thinnest sheet possible.
.... or you might get away with putting clay on just the front if you coat the back (inside cover) with Sobo. This might take some experimenting.
...I'd like to try this, but don't know how to do it....I'm concerned about the cardboard cover warping
...I have found that different book bindings can be a problem, especially the ones that are glued. Now you are going to have to peel it off and re-glue after why not just bake the sheets alone and glue them on afterwards?

I use a texture sheet and PearlEx on the inside of the clay cover... and stamp my initials and year on the inside covers may have transferred images from either Lazertran Silk or Prismacolor pencils used on a black toner ink copy
...I made one photo album using texture sheets that had a theme... deer tracks and a deer ("North American Animal" and "Animal Tracks") on clay which I made to look like leather......I'd use the "Animal Skins" rubbing plate for the inside of the cover now.
...I used leather lacing to hold it closed. Patty B.

I make clay tiles and mount them on the front of journals for a double deck effect (or triple layer, using framing paper layer etc).
....I use plain white Sculpey-in-the-box which is not very strong, but when mounted on something else it's as strong as it needs to be for this.
Cre*it!'s textured, white-Sculpey-in-the-box clay tiles, folded double thickness after one pass through pasta machine, which are mounted on ceramic tiles, on notebooks, cards, vessels, even jewelry, giving them sufficient strength and retaining lightness (then finished with their special tinted glazes), (lessons to come)

lesson (on clay-only covers?)
...what I like to do is cut the covers off of a hardback book (front and back), then make my own covers with sheets of polymer, (which are then) connected with a piece of natural muslin glued an inch apart-or whatever thickness the book is, plus allow for the thickness of the sheet of clay x 2.
...then glue the muslin to the bindings with rubber cement or book-binding glue (PVA ..or strong "white glue)
...also, when gluing, incorporate a sheet of paper from the front of the book itself and the back and join this to the polymer sheet! Whala!!

On occasion I have created journals from scratch where I provided the interior pages myself
...I have used various ways to assemble them....I'm not into fancy sewing or other ways of attaching covers, but there are several good books available to learn how.

Kathleen Amt must have started making books the regular way before she got into the polyclay ones. She has a regular book in "Cover To Cover" that has a couple of polymer fish dangling from a closure tie.


Lisa Pavelka's lesson on making a shaped mosaic, which is then glued to the front of a book, etc., after baking,,HGTV_3239_1396715,00.html
.....and Lisa's book with a large (non-mosaic) clay plaque glued to the front
Sue's lesson on making a torn-edge slab with onlays from molds, stampings, stones. encircled with clay, and Pearl Ex to glue onto a cover

Mia's lesson on covering a notebook
Cindy P's lesson on making wire coils for mini-book
*Patti's lesson on covering a notebook, & covering the spiral
Crafty Michele's lesson on notebook cover with replaceable small notepad
*Jan’s lesson for notebook covers (gone?)

Irene's journal covers (wire bound)

Tonja's many beautiful journal covers using component pieces added to base fronts (stamped and powdered, etc.)
many beautiful mixed media journal covers, often with transfers, layering, collage and
Gerri Newfry's many journal covers with various spine techniques, mixed media and stamping, transfers, etc.for fronts (2 pgs) .....

sinilga's puzzle-pieces of textured clay with onlays and a photo (liquid clay on front, as well as back), glued to the front of a photo album (details in Sheets of Pattern > Pieced)
Arizona guild's notebook swap (mostly spiral covers)
canejane's several notebook covers
Terry's chrysanthemum cane notebook cover
lesson on placing transfers on cards & scrapbooks, etc., surrounded by frames

Mia's many notebook covers & matching pens

Heather R's notebook covers & matching pens
Nancy (&Tanya?) notebook covers & matching pens
Nancy' small covered notebooks with matching pens (website gone)
Sally's cover-the-wire-spiral notebook cover (website gone)
Meredith’s cover (no longer available?)
Elisabeth’s notebook covers (website gone)



see Cards > Bookmarks for all info on making various types of bookmarks


(for bookends, see Sculpting > Bases and Settings.... and/or see Gifts)

(see also: Carving for book ideas )
(see also Cards for more decorating ideas for flat sheets)